India in Afghanistan

Nation building or proxy war?

01 October 2010
Mujaheddin soldiers travelling in 2002 through the land “where empires go to die.”
Mujaheddin soldiers travelling in 2002 through the land “where empires go to die.”

THEY WERE BOTH YOUNG. One had just the first wisps of hair on his cheeks, like an adolescent. The other was not much older, his short-trimmed beard caked with dried blood. There were gaping exit wounds in his shoulder, and in the pale skin of his belly, where his undershirt had been pulled up to reveal the damage. The two boys were lying dead amongst scattered bricks, at the feet of a crowd of gaping onlookers and journalists, in an abandoned construction site in Kabul.

“Where do you think they’re from?” a reporter asked the policeman who was taking a picture of the bodies with his cell phone, his assault rifle dangling from his other hand. The glaze of adrenaline still shone on the cop’s cheeks and eyes. “Pakistan,” he said. “Definitely not Afghans.” They always say that here, as if you could tell. They looked like Pashtuns, at least.

It was just one of several attacks in Kabul this summer, unremarkable in its execution and impact, but as a result, a series of extraordinary events had been triggered that would serve as a bellwether of India’s waning influence in Afghanistan. It was 29 May, the first day of the National Consultative Peace Jirga, and the two militants had managed to set up in the empty site and fire rockets at the Polytechnic University, the site of the peace jirga—a carefully stage-managed event that had brought handpicked tribal elders and civil society figures to endorse President Hamid Karzai’s plan to reconcile with the Taliban.

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    Matthieu Aikins has been reporting from Afghanistan since 2008. He speaks Persian and had previously travelled across the country on his own.

    Keywords: Kabul Afghanistan Taliban Abdul Rahid Dostum Northern Alliance Mohammad Doud Khan Durand Line Spin Boldak Kabul Bank Hamid Karzai Amrullah Saleh Hanif Atmar Kabul Polytechnic University National Consultative Peace Jirga Pashtun NDS Research Analysis Wing (RAW) Kings College London