IN 1404, THE SPANISH AMBASSADOR Ruy González de Clavijo travelled to Samarkand, a city located in modern-day Uzbekistan, on the then flourishing Silk Road trade route. Clavijo represented the Spanish king Henry III of Castile and visited the court of the emperor Timur, who conquered vast stretches of central and western Asia. His diaries from the journey, translated by the scholar Guy Le Strange, speak effusively of Samarkand as a “wonder to behold,” to which Timur had “carried off the best men … bringing thither together the master-craftsmen of all nations.”
The photographer Aitor Lara visited Uzbekistan in 2005, backed by the Spanish ministry of foreign affairs, on a grant conceived of as a homage to Clavijo. But while the fifteenth-century ambassador wrote of the region as a thriving centre of trade and culture, Lara found a country suffering from political and economic instability. Still, he was intrigued by the “historical and monumental Uzbekistan” he saw, in which “you can see the remains of its glorious past in the days of the Silk Road.” Lara captured the echoes of this history in Tower of Silence, a series published as a book in 2008, comprising photos that range from landscapes to portraits.
At first, Lara “was focussed on developing the project from the perspective of a Christian traveller who would discover a native Central Asian country, its culture and tradition.” But Lara soon found that Uzbekistan has always been “a melting pot of cultures” that is “mixed by its history,” he said. Clavijo had remarked on this diversity as well, writing, of Samarkand, “Of the nations brought here together there were to be seen Turks, Arabs and Moors of diverse sects, with Christians who were Greeks and Armenians, Catholics, Jacobites and Nestorians.” The city’s population was growing so rapidly, he noted, that people had to be “quartered temporarily for lodgment even in the caves and in tents under the trees of the gardens.”