EVERY WEEKEND, thousands of people in England descend on empty fields, dressed as soldiers from the Second World War. They erect tents, dig trenches and wield period-appropriate weapons. Occasionally they recreate battles, but, for the most part, they focus on accurately setting up elaborate camps, complete with barracks, uniforms, rations and more.
For two years, starting in 2012, the American photographer Daniella Zalcman documented Second World War re-enactments across England. Her work culminated in Sunday Soldiers: a black-and-white photo series that features various types of images, including many striking portraits.Hailing from the US state of Maryland, where re-enactments of the American civil war are common, Zalcman was struck by the comparatively more personal tone of the events she attended across the Atlantic Ocean. “In America, the Civil War is near-ancient history,” she said. “But in the UK, many of the re-enactors I met carried something for a father or grandfather who had been in the war.” Even those who lacked personal connections to the war often had strong feelings about it. “For Brits in particular,” Zalcman said, “I think WW2 is a point of deep nationalistic pride”—which “definitely plays a role in why re-enactment is so popular in the UK.”
Individual re-enactors approached the hobby in different ways. Some, Zalcman said, would “spend the entire weekend in kit, eating and sleeping as the WW2 soldiers would have.” Others preferred to leave the main campsite at the end of the day, change into everyday clothes and eat fish and chips for dinner. Zalcman also frequently saw the participants “sniping at each other over the authenticity of every little element of kit, from the way buttons are polished to the type of stitching.” This, she said, was “both amazing and maddening to watch.”