On 29 December 2019, police in Japan’s Sado Island found the remains of at least five people, including two severed heads, in a wooden boat that had washed ashore. It was the second “ghost boat”—as battered wooden vessels containing the corpses of North Korean fishermen are popularly known in Japan—to wash up at Sado that month. Across the country, over a hundred and fifty ghost boats were found in 2019 alone, and there have been more than five hundred of them in the past five years. The Japanese coast guard stated that it had found over fifty bodies in such vessels last year.
Encrusted with shells and algae, these flat-bottomed boats are typically around five metres in length. They have no toilets or beds, and typically contain just a few jugs of drinking water, fishing nets and tackle. They fly tattered North Korean flags, and their hulls are often emblazoned with painted numbers or markings in Hangul, including “State Security Department” and “Korean People’s Army.”
Since 2013, at least fifty survivors have been rescued from these dilapidated boats. However, in interviews with Japanese police, the survivors rarely say more than that they were stranded at sea and that they want to return home. Autopsies on the bodies found on these boats usually indicate death from starvation, hypothermia or dehydration. All the bodies appear to be male, though some were so badly decomposed that investigators struggled to say for sure. So many North Koreans have disappeared at sea in recent years that some ports in the country, such as Chongjin, are now called “widows’ villages.”