Fire and Blood

How the BJP is enabling ethnic cleansing in Manipur

31 July 2023
Burnt down houses in Churachandpur district, on 31 May.
Saumya Khandelwal
Burnt down houses in Churachandpur district, on 31 May.
Saumya Khandelwal


“I DIDN’T shut up. I asked them how they can behave like this with another woman,” an 18-year-old Kuki woman told me, recalling her abduction and assault, in which Meira Paibis had played a major part. The Meira Paibis—the name translates to “torch-bearing women”—are a Meitei civil-society movement that rose to prominence through their protests against the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, which grants the military sweeping powers. In the ethnic violence that has engulfed Manipur over the past three months, pitting the majority Meitei community against members of Kuki tribes, who constitute a quarter of the population, the Meira Paibis have helped Meitei mobs target Kukis throughout the Imphal Valley and its surrounding foothills.

The 18-year-old woman’s family belonged to Churachandpur, a Kuki-majority district to the south of the valley, but had been living in the state capital for years. “Imphal has been my home all my life,” she said. When the violence broke out, on 3 May, her family, like most Kukis in Imphal, fled to the hills. The woman, who was enrolled in a cosmetology course, decided to wait out the carnage, expecting that the state government would soon restore order. She began living with a Kuki friend who was married to a member of the Pangal community—Meitei Muslims, who make up about eight percent of the state’s population.

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    Greeshma Kuthar is an independent journalist and advocate from Tamil Nadu. She has authored an 18-part series on the rise of Hindu nationalism in southern Coastal Karnataka.

    Keywords: Manipur violence BJP Ethnic Cleansing Caravan 2023 Rewind: Reportage