In 2000, 20 million Indians had access to the internet. By 2017, 465 million were online, with three Indians discovering the internet every second—mostly on smartphones. The journalist Ravi Agrawal argues that smartphones create no immediate utopia in a culture still driven by poverty, caste, gender inequality, illiteracy and income disparity. However, widespread internet use is poised to transform almost everything in the country: the status of women, education, jobs, dating, marriage, family life, commerce and governance.
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