A Most Noble Life

31 January 2023

By Muhammadi Begum (1877-1908)

Translated, with additional material, by CM Naim

A translation of Hayat-e Ashraf—the editor and writer Muhammadi Begum’s biography of the nineteenth-century teacher Ashrafunnisa Begum. It explores her life in Bijnor and teaching in Lahore, how she taught herself to read and write in secret, and more.